Panic Disorder | Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

Panic DisorderPanic disorder definition is related to panic attacks, the person does not notice when an attack is about to happen, this can lead to other emotional problems such as phobias, if not treated in time.

In a panic attack, the person feels as if he were about to lose my mind, consciousness and even death. Others feel the need to run away from people if the attack occurs in public.

A panic attack lasts only a moment, but people with this disorder experience several consecutive attacks, this makes it appear as if a panic attack lasted from 10 minutes to 1 hour or more.


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Causes of Panic Disorder.

There is no single known cause for panic disorders, it demonstrated that genetic predisposition and socioeconomic environment affect the most susceptible. Therefore those with close relatives who have the disorder are at high risk of acquiring it. As for the physiological systems of panic disorder, they are caused to low levels of serotonin in the brain and hyperactive response sympathetic nervous system. The onset of panic disorder is caused by the proximity between panic attacks experienced by the person and which in turn takes over the person showing an anticipatory fear of actual panic attack.

The body’s response to an imminent danger is the “fight or flight” recurring panic attacks produce a response constant excitation. This pumps adrenaline and noradrenaline in the body by increasing the heart rate and blood pressure to give more oxygen to the muscles needed to flee or attack the danger lurking in this case panic attacks.

Once the danger has passed, the parasympathetic nervous system performs chemical events to bring the body to homeostasis, this in normal state; but the parasympathetic system in the person with panic disorder may not respond effectively and this causes a decreased supply of oxygen to the brain causing dizziness, clammy extremities too. The person may have problems with memory, cognition and attention.

Symptoms of Panic Disorder

Symptoms in a panic disorder includes mental fatigue, insomnia, sensitivity to light and sound, ringing in the ear, physical fatigue, feeling of fragility. The nervous system is more sensitive. 

  • heart pounding, trembling, sweating, dizziness, weakness, chest pain and rapid breathing.
  • Frequent fear of an attack occurring at any time.
  • Extreme terror without warning
  • Avoid certain situations for fear of an attack occurring


Agoraphobia is the fear of being in a public place, the person is afraid of experiencing a panic attack when surrounded by people. The person begins to avoid cualquuier public place that has the potential to develop an attack.

For recovery of panic disorder, it is useful medication, they provide some degree of relief in minutes, if depression is developed then the doctor will prescribe antidepressants. If the disorder is caused by bad diet and exercise habits, it can also recommend vitamins, which help to revitalize the immune system and help the nervous system in restoring mental and emotional balance.

Another form of medication is herbal, the best known are lemon balm, mint, skullcap, chamomile, passion flower, but to mix with drugs should be consulting your doctor.

Causes of Panic Disorder.


Video What is Panic Attack

Other anxiety disorders are: